main.cc
author Edouard Tisserant
Mon, 06 Jul 2020 13:29:08 +0200
changeset 1093 30adcffcf8e6
parent 1014 a61f8f58f612
permissions -rw-r--r--
Fix in standard function library: forgot static linkage for inline __str_cmp()
/*
 *  matiec - a compiler for the programming languages defined in IEC 61131-3
 *  Copyright (C) 2003-2011  Mario de Sousa (msousa@fe.up.pt)
 *  Copyright (C) 2007-2011  Laurent Bessard and Edouard Tisserant
 *
 *  This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 *  along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 *
 *
 * This code is made available on the understanding that it will not be
 * used in safety-critical situations without a full and competent review.
 */

/*
 * An IEC 61131-3 compiler.
 *
 * Based on the
 * FINAL DRAFT - IEC 61131-3, 2nd Ed. (2001-12-10)
 *
 */

/*
 ****************************************************************
 ****************************************************************
 ****************************************************************
 *********                                              *********
 *********                                              *********
 *********   O V E R A L L    A R C H I T E C T U R E   *********
 *********                                              *********
 *********                                              *********
 ****************************************************************
 ****************************************************************
 ****************************************************************

 The compiler works in 4(+1) stages:
 Stage 1   - Lexical analyser      - implemented with flex (iec.flex)
 Stage 2   - Syntax parser         - implemented with bison (iec.y)
 Stage 3   - Semantics analyser    - not yet implemented
 Stage 4   - Code generator        - implemented in C++
 Stage 4+1 - Binary code generator - gcc, javac, etc...


 Data structures passed between stages, in global variables:
 1->2   : tokens (int), and token values (char *)
 2->1   : symbol tables (defined in symtable.hh)
 2->3   : abstract syntax tree (tree of C++ classes, in absyntax.hh file)
 3->4   : Same as 2->3
 4->4+1 : file with program in c, java, etc...


 The compiler works in several passes:
 Pass 1: executes stages 1 and 2 simultaneously
 Pass 2: executes stage 3
 Pass 3: executes stage 4
 Pass 4: executes stage 4+1
*/



#include <stdio.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <iostream>


#include "config/config.h"
#include "absyntax/absyntax.hh"
#include "absyntax_utils/absyntax_utils.hh"
#include "stage1_2/stage1_2.hh"
#include "stage3/stage3.hh"
#include "stage4/stage4.hh"
#include "main.hh"


#ifndef HGVERSION
   #define HGVERSION ""
#endif



void error_exit(const char *file_name, int line_no, const char *errmsg, ...) {
  va_list argptr;
  va_start(argptr, errmsg); /* second argument is last fixed pamater of error_exit() */

  fprintf(stderr, "\nInternal compiler error in file %s at line %d", file_name, line_no);
  if (errmsg != NULL) {
    fprintf(stderr, ": ");
    vfprintf(stderr, errmsg, argptr);
  } else {
    fprintf(stderr, ".");
  }
  fprintf(stderr, "\n");
  va_end(argptr);
    
  exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}


static void printusage(const char *cmd) {
  printf("\nsyntax: %s [<options>] [-O <output_options>] [-I <include_directory>] [-T <target_directory>] <input_file>\n", cmd);
  printf(" -h : show this help message\n");
  printf(" -v : print version number\n");  
  printf(" -f : display full token location on error messages\n");
  printf(" -p : allow use of forward references                (a non-standard extension?)\n");  
  printf(" -l : use a relaxed datatype equivalence model       (a non-standard extension?)\n");  
  printf(" -s : allow use of safe datatypes (SAFEBOOL, etc.)   (defined in PLCOpen Safety)\n"); // PLCopen TC5 "Safety Software Technical Specification - Part 1" v1.0
  printf(" -n : allow use of nested comments                   (an IEC 61131-3 v3 feature)\n");
  printf(" -r : allow use of references (REF_TO, REF, ^, NULL) (an IEC 61131-3 v3 feature)\n");
  printf(" -R : allow use of REF_TO ANY datatypes              (a non-standard extension!)\n");
  printf("        as well as REF_TO in ARRAYs and STRUCTs      (a non-standard extension!)\n");
  printf(" -a : allow use of non-literals in array size limits (a non-standard extension!)\n");
  printf(" -i : allow POUs with no in out and inout parameters (a non-standard extension!)\n");
  printf(" -b : allow functions returning VOID                 (a non-standard extension!)\n");
  printf(" -e : disable generation of implicit EN and ENO parameters.\n");
  printf(" -c : create conversion functions for enumerated data types\n");
  printf(" -O : options for output (code generation) stage. Available options for %s are...\n", cmd);
  runtime_options.allow_missing_var_in    = false; /* disable: allow definition and invocation of POUs with no input, output and in_out parameters! */
  stage4_print_options();
  printf("\n");
  printf("%s - Copyright (C) 2003-2014 \n"
         "This program comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY!\n"
         "This is free software licensed under GPL v3, and you are welcome to redistribute it under the conditions specified by this license.\n", PACKAGE_NAME);
}


/* declare the global options variable */
runtime_options_t runtime_options;


int main(int argc, char **argv) {
  symbol_c *tree_root, *ordered_tree_root;
  char * builddir = NULL;
  int optres, errflg = 0;
  int path_len;

  /* Default values for the command line options... */
  runtime_options.allow_void_datatype     = false; /* disable: allow declaration of functions returning VOID  */
  runtime_options.allow_missing_var_in    = false; /* disable: allow definition and invocation of POUs with no input, output and in_out parameters! */
  runtime_options.disable_implicit_en_eno = false; /* disable: do not generate EN and ENO parameters */
  runtime_options.pre_parsing             = false; /* disable: allow use of forward references (run pre-parsing phase before the definitive parsing phase that builds the AST) */
  runtime_options.safe_extensions         = false; /* disable: allow use of SAFExxx datatypes */
  runtime_options.full_token_loc          = false; /* disable: error messages specify full token location */
  runtime_options.conversion_functions    = false; /* disable: create a conversion function for derived datatype */
  runtime_options.nested_comments         = false; /* disable: Allow the use of nested comments. */
  runtime_options.ref_standard_extensions = false; /* disable: Allow the use of REFerences (keywords REF_TO, REF, DREF, ^, NULL). */
  runtime_options.ref_nonstand_extensions = false; /* disable: Allow the use of non-standard extensions to REF_TO datatypes: REF_TO ANY, and REF_TO in struct elements! */
  runtime_options.nonliteral_in_array_size= false; /* disable: Allow the use of constant non-literals when specifying size of arrays (ARRAY [1..max] OF INT) */
  runtime_options.includedir              = NULL;  /* Include directory, where included files will be searched for... */

  /* Default values for the command line options... */
  runtime_options.relaxed_datatype_model    = false; /* by default use the strict datatype equivalence model */
  
  /******************************************/
  /*   Parse command line options...        */
  /******************************************/
  while ((optres = getopt(argc, argv, ":nehvfplsrRabicI:T:O:")) != -1) {
    switch(optres) {
    case 'h':
      printusage(argv[0]);
      return 0;
    case 'v':
      fprintf(stdout, "%s version %s\n" "changeset id: %s\n", PACKAGE_NAME, PACKAGE_VERSION, HGVERSION);      
      return 0;
    case 'l': runtime_options.relaxed_datatype_model   = true;  break;
    case 'p': runtime_options.pre_parsing              = true;  break;
    case 'f': runtime_options.full_token_loc           = true;  break;
    case 's': runtime_options.safe_extensions          = true;  break;
    case 'R': runtime_options.ref_standard_extensions  = true; /* use of REF_TO ANY implies activating support for REF extensions! */
              runtime_options.ref_nonstand_extensions  = true;  break;
    case 'r': runtime_options.ref_standard_extensions  = true;  break;
    case 'a': runtime_options.nonliteral_in_array_size = true;  break;
    case 'b': runtime_options.allow_void_datatype      = true;  break;
    case 'i': runtime_options.allow_missing_var_in     = true;  break;
    case 'c': runtime_options.conversion_functions     = true;  break;
    case 'n': runtime_options.nested_comments          = true;  break;
    case 'e': runtime_options.disable_implicit_en_eno  = true;  break;
    case 'I':
      /* NOTE: To improve the usability under windows:
       *       We delete last char's path if it ends with "\".
       *       In this way compiler front-end accepts paths with or without
       *       slash terminator.
       */
      path_len = strlen(optarg) - 1;
      if (optarg[path_len] == '\\') optarg[path_len]= '\0';
      runtime_options.includedir = optarg;
      break;
    case 'T':
      /* NOTE: see note above */
      path_len = strlen(optarg) - 1;
      if (optarg[path_len] == '\\') optarg[path_len]= '\0';
      builddir = optarg;
      break;
    case 'O':
      if (stage4_parse_options(optarg) < 0) errflg++;
      break;
    case ':':       /* -I, -T, or -O without operand */
      fprintf(stderr, "Option -%c requires an operand\n", optopt);
      errflg++;
      break;
    case '?':
      fprintf(stderr, "Unrecognized option: -%c\n", optopt);
      errflg++;
      break;
    default:
      fprintf(stderr, "Unknown error while parsing command line options.");
      errflg++;
      break;
    }
  }

  if (optind == argc) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Missing input file\n");
    errflg++;
  }

  if (optind > argc) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Too many input files\n");
    errflg++;
  }

  if (errflg) {
    printusage(argv[0]);
    return EXIT_FAILURE;
  }


  /***************************/
  /*   Run the compiler...   */
  /***************************/
  /* 1st Pass */
  if (stage1_2(argv[optind], &tree_root) < 0)
    return EXIT_FAILURE;

  /* 2nd Pass */
    /* basically loads some symbol tables to speed up look ups later on */
  absyntax_utils_init(tree_root);  
    /* moved to bison, although it could perfectly well still be here instead of in bison code. */
  //add_en_eno_param_decl_c::add_to(tree_root);

  /* Do semantic verification of code */
  if (stage3(tree_root, &ordered_tree_root) < 0)
    return EXIT_FAILURE;
  
  /* 3rd Pass */
  if (stage4(ordered_tree_root, builddir) < 0)
    return EXIT_FAILURE;

  /* 4th Pass */
  /* Call gcc, g++, or whatever... */
  /* Currently implemented in the Makefile! */

  return 0;
}